Tropical evergreen forest Tropical forests are characterized by the greatest diversity of species. They occur near the equator, within the area bounded by latitudes 23. 5 degrees N and 23. 5 degrees S. One of the major characteristics of tropical forests is their distinct seasonality: winter is absent, and only two seasons are present (rainy and dry). An evergreen forest is a forest consisting entirely or mainly of evergreen trees that retain green foliage all year round.
Such forests reign the tropics primarily as broadleaf evergreens, and in temperate and boreal latitudes primarily asconiferous evergreens Tropical deciduous forest Deciduous means “falling off at maturity” or “tending to fall off”, and is typically used in reference to trees or shrubs that lose theirleaves seasonally, and to the shedding of other plant structures such as petals after flowering or fruit when ripe. In a more general sense, deciduous means the dropping of a part that is no longer needed, or falling away after its purpose is finished. In plants it is the result of natural processes.
Deciduous has a similar meaning when referring to animal parts, such as deciduous antlers in deer, ordeciduous teeth, also known as baby teeth, in some mammals (including human children). Temperate deciduous forests Temperate deciduous forests or temperate broad-leaf forests are dominated by trees that lose their leaves each year. They are found in areas where warm moist summers alternate with mild winters.
Mediterranean vegetation Mediterranean vegetation, any scrubby, dense vegetation composed of broad-leaved evergreen shrubs, bushes, and small trees usually less than 2. 5 m (about 8 feet) tall and growing in regions lying between 30° and 40° north and south latitudes. These regions have a climate similar to that of the Mediterranean area, which is characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Around the Mediterranean Sea this vegetation is called macchie, maquis, or garigue; it is known as chaparral in southwestern North America, as Cape flora in southern Africa, and as mallee in southwestern Australia.