Deterioration of Seagrass beds has occurred in many places throughout the world as a result of various environmental changes. Such changes are a result of anthropogenic impacts, including pollution, urbanisation and accelerated sediment transport, as well as sea level rise and climate change (Hemminga and Duarte, 2000). Coincident with land use changes, and in concert with other changes in the estuarine landscape, intertidal and sub tidal seagrass beds have, in many places, been recorded as either retreating or disappearing entirely from estuarine areas.
In New Zealand, while there is insufficient quantitative historical data to quantify the rate or extent of change in seagrass habitats nationally, in some locations sufficient information exists to suggest that similar large declines have happened here (e. g. in Tauranga Harbour; Park, 1999). This is correlated with considerable development of the coastal zone in the last century, which is continuing at a rapid rate through ongoing urbanization. In the later half of last century, the ecological importance of seagrasses became recognised in the scientific literature, and is now reasonably well documented worldwide (Hemminga and Duarte, 2000).
There are more than 50 species identified globally, which occupy a wide ecological range, from the intertidal zone down to depths of greater than 50 m where water clarity is sufficiently high. Internationally, seagrass beds are considered to be an important marine ecosystem, and one of the most productive, with high biodiversity and habitat value, and playing a vital role in supporting fisheries, protecting other components of the ecosystem (including coral reefs) by binding sediment and reducing turbidity, and providing defence from coastal erosion (Hemminga and Duarte, 2000).
In other countries, seagrass collected and used as fertilizer for sandy soil especially in the Riade, Aveirio, Portugal, where the plants collected were named “molico”. But it was in high demand by the french forces who started to use the grass as main commodity to make a furniture and woven like rattan during the World War I. But here in the Philippines, in some places in Bicol Region like Camarines Sur, Albay and Sorsogon starts to make the grass a source of income. A farm pest and wild grass before, is now a trend to know there place all over the world by making this grasses into a useful and environmental friendly products.
This research will brings you all the information you need to understand in terms of production sectors, post harvest, processing up to marketing aspects. Objectives of the study This study generally aimed to determine how Seagrass handicraft making was proroduced, made and its adoption among trainees in selected areas in San Fernando, Camarines Sur as their One town, One Product (OTOP). Specifically this study sought to: 1. Determine and describe the communication strategy used to introduce the Seagrass handicraft making among rural households and Seagrass farmers in San Fernando, Camarines Sur. 2.
Determine Problems or Hindrances in from Production sector to Marketing sector. 3. To know the process in terms of Producing, Harvesting, Processing and Marketing aspect of the said commodity. Scope and Limitation of the Study 1. In terms of Produstion Sector: Zone 2, New Poblacion, Cabosao, Camarines Sur with 6 hectares plantation of Seagrass owned by Mr. Roberto Villanueva. 2. In terms of Processing Sector: In Del Pilar, San Fernando Camarines Sur, there are 4 produst maker of the Segrass Handicraft. They are Mrs. Evelyn and Noora 3. In terms of Marketing Sectors: Ligao, Albay and other part of Metro Manila I.
Agribusiness System Production System Owner Background Name : Roberto Villanueva Age : 52 years old Address : Zone 2, New Poblacion, Cabosao, Camarines Sur Financer : Rannel Abejero Age : 32 years old Farm size : 6 Hectares Input This commodity is not much need inputs like fertilizer and proper soil management because this commodity in others it is just a pest in their farm and aside from that, it’s just grow unexpectedly, don’t need more keen attention and management to grow. Just wait for atleast 2 to 3 months to reach its maturity and ready to market. Harvesting Seagrass After 2 to 3 months, the grass is now ready to Harvest.