Elements with a directional quality placed in contrast to a static enclosure can infuse energy and drama. The implied energy can be manipulated to excite or surprise the perceiver while giving directional cues or emphasis to elements in space. Directional cues can clarify circulation, making navigation through space more comprehensible. Strong emphasis on elements in space can be achieved through contrasting the static with the dynamic. Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (1475-1564) * master of the use of dynamictension. The space is entered by ascending a monumental set of steep stairs to the summit of a hill overlooking Rome. B. The perceiver is received in a trapezoidal piazza defined by three palaces symmetrically placed. C. The main building, Palazzo del Senatore terminates the axis approach. D. Palazzo dei Conservatori and Palazzo Nuovo flank the axis and frame the main building by widening toward the dominant facade forming a wedge-shaped space.
The three rooms were to contrast sharply in shape and articulation to reinforce their purposes. The vestibule is square in plan, the reading room rectangular, and the rare books room was planned to be triangular. The constructed library was composed of the two parts: A. Reading Room B. Vestibule The tall square vestibule contains a large monumental stair that leads to the reading room.
The stair spills from the entrance of the reading room with a robust exaggeration of forms splitting in to three stairs at the landing. The stair fills the room, creating a strong directional quality in contrast to the non-directional square room. The accentuation of the tension between the enclosure and stair is by positioning the entrance to the room at ninety degrees to the directional thrust. Tension is introduced in the room by the treatment of the elaborate walls. Paired columns supported ” rather weak volute brackets are recessed between the plaster walls, giving the impression of great compression.
The purpose of the said transition space is to establish a prelude experience of tension and compression in contrast to the restful reading room. Aubette (Strasbourg) PLAN Interior View : Right Side Elevation Interior View : Left Side Elevation The building originally dates from the 13th century and between 1765 and 1778 substantially rebuilt by architect Jacques Francois Blondel and then to serve as a military building. In the 19th century had the military share the building with a cafe, which was later covered.
Use elements in the consideration of having dynamic tension in the interior: Dynamic Elements 1. Walls – by means of colors, shapes and diagonal lines 2. Ceiling – by means of colors, shapes and diagonal lines Static Elements 1. Floor – by means of color 2. Seating – by means of placement of object The collection of paintings in 1803 founded the city of Strasbourg in 1869 in the Aubbette housed. Only the outer walls were preserved. Dynamic tension is achieved by the use of the rectangular shapes patterns placed in the wall accompanied y the use of different colors.