Module C: Conflicting perspectives Composers use a variety of mediums to present an argument within an event, personality or situation resulting in the conflict of perspectives. David Gutterson uses Snow Falling on Cedars to explore conflicting perspectives on personal and political levels including: • Justice and in justice • Truth and inaccuracies • Tolerance and prejudice Snow falling on cedars David Gutterson using narrative techniques: – Circular narrative structure
Uses this device to help narrate and identify the conflicting perspectives thematically directing action through the forum of the court case. – Done by limited point of view, flashbacks, and framing – Abundant use of flashbacks in the portrayal of Ishmael; o From being a young, naive child: “inside of the tree he felt … never be discovered there” o To a numb, static, disillusioned state: “if you’re going to remember something like that… efendants expression… keep yourself fair. Otherwise you’re been subjective in a way that is not fair to the accused” o And disbelief in God: “it did not matter whether he agreed with her about God… he had fooled himself for years into thinking otherwise” Observers learn about Ishamel’s morale turmoil: “the world was one and the notion that one may kill another over a small patch of it did not make sense = We see a prejudice perspective surface
Omniscient narration in return creates an inner conflict within Ishmael as to whether needs to be prejudice or tolerant. A time to kill An accurate and dramatic depiction of a small southern community which faces segregation, racial injustice and prejudice values head on displaying the psychological effects on a society in the south and its judicial system Incident of rape becomes the platform for social outcry
Rather then telling one complex story line it jumps around showing a broad collection of characters – few of whom get developed but many who come to conclusions – Forms a narrative mural which reveals both ends of the political spectrum and perspective – Similar to SFOC the intention of the circular narrative structure yet follows a linear timeline As Story unfolds, movie focuses on the racial injustice from the intense emotions of hatred within the characters. Most significant relationship been that of Jake and Carl lee: forced to transcend their fundamental differences and work together for the same cause – Similar to Ishamel sharing Hatuse with Kabuo: puts aside differences – Jake Brigance tries to sympathise with Carl Lee yet always has white racial dominance: “the fact is that you are just like the rest of them. When you see me you don’t see a man, you see a black man” Prescence of the Klu Klax Klan, both as an antagonist force and as the embodiment of blind hatred that exists in the form of racism. Schumacher addresses this antagonist force by playing with the visual sense of size; As the KKK walk into town they are reflected on a glass window which reflects them 3 times their height leaving a sense of intimidation. – Conversely the NAACP’s prescence in opposition to the KKK is significant in addressing the conflict of perspectives. The camera angles also represent and address racial prejudice. Justice and Injustice: Snow falling on Cedars
Symbolism used in SFOC to parallel with the characters conflict in perspectives – Snow blizzard setting which coincides with nature of the court case – Uses destruction of the blizzard setting to represent the notion that all is equal and deserves justice within the uncontrollable nature yet human perspectives and decisions are what produces the justice turmoil: “All human claims to landscape were super sided, made null and void by the snow.