Legislation Guidelines Policies

The main current legislation guidelines policies and procedures within own UK home nation for safeguarding children and young people. Children’s order 2005 •Simplify laws that protected children and young people in respective UK countries. •Seen as a serious shake up to children rights and protection •Made it clear to everyone that worked with children what their duties were •Shows them how to work together when there is allegations of child abuse Children’s act 2004 In 2003 it was clear services for children still weren’t working or communicating together this was flagged up because of the tragic death of Victoria Climbie •

The organisation need to support and protect vulnerable children in the society • The lambing report resulted in a green paper called every child matters. •The integration of children’s service and the introduction of children’s directors with responsibility for local authority education and children’s social services. Arrangements for sharing information has been reviewed and changed Vetting and barring

The scheme was introduced in 2009 to stop unsuitable people working with vulnerable children and adults this scheme does the following: •a person who is barred from working with children or vulnerable adults will be breaking the law if they work or volunteer, or try to work or volunteer with those groups •an organization which knowingly employs someone who is barred to work with those groups will also be breaking the law if your organization works with children or vulnerable adults and you dismiss a member of staff or a volunteer because they have harmed a child or vulnerable adult, or you would have done so if they had not left, you must tell the Independent Safeguarding Authority Cosh COSHH is the law that requires employers to control substances that are hazardous to health.

You can prevent or reduce workers exposure to hazardous substances by: •finding out what the health hazards are; •deciding how to prevent harm to health by carrying out regular risk assessments •providing control measures to reduce harm to health; making sure they are used ; •keeping all control measures in good working order; •providing information, instruction and training for employees and others; •providing monitoring and health surveillance in appropriate cases; •Planning for emergencies. In childcare settings it is a must when cleaning or using product with chemicals in it that you wear glove and the same when touching and preparing food. Unit 026 Task a Section 2 An explanation of child protection with in the wider concept of safeguarding children and young people Safeguarding is about lots more than just looking after and protecting children from direct abuse.

Any service that works with young people and children has a much wider role than simply protecting them from abuse and neglect. The staying safe action plan recognises a numerous important aspects in a wider view of safe guarding including: •bullying and Crime •forced marriages •missing children •keeping children safe from accidents •actively promoting their welfare in a healthy and safe environment Section 3 a clear analysis of how national and local guidelines, policies and procedures for safe guarding affect the day to day work, both with children and young people and within the new workers work role .

It is extremely important that anybody working with children should be able to recognise if and when a child is at risk of harm or in need of help and support because they are vulnerable. The early this is picked up on the better the outcome for the child involved is. Clear measures of responsibility are outlined to ensure every safety for the child. All guidelines are set in place to make sure that all the services, authorities and agencies involved with a child work together in order to improve the system and safe guarding. Childcare practise

All childcare settings should have clear policies and procedures that cover all aspects of safe guarding. These should include procedures and policies for: •health and safety •outings •visitors to the setting •arrival and home time •child protection •contact with children and performing personal care Risk assessment Risk assessments should be carried out regularly to make sure that there are no safe guard threats towards the children in the setting. Childcare settings need risk assessing for example is there entrances and exits to the building that an unauthorised person could use?

Could a child leave the setting without anyone noticing? Could a child get seriously hurt due to a broken piece of equipment? Section 4 An explanation of when and why the inquiries and serious case reviews processes are required, issues of how to share findings and implications for the workers practice Often children die or get seriously injured due to abuse or avoidable accidents. Society has a duty to protect children. We have a range of professional organisations supported by legislation, policies and procedures in order to do this.

When the procedures and policies do not work society has failed at the thing it is meant to do. It is vital and that the causes of failure are known and dealt with. Serious case reviews are called by the local safeguarding children’s board when a child dies and abuse and neglect are known or suspected to be a factor in the death. They will involve the local authority children’s service and the police, as well as health, education anther agencies as needed.

Every service that is involved carries out its own individual management review of its practice to identify any changes that should be made. Local authorities re required to let Ofsted know of all incidents involving children that are serious enough that they may lead to a serious case review, including where a child has died or suffered significant harm as a result of abuse or neglect, or where concerns are raised about the professional practice or have attracted national media attention. Lessons that are learned from serious case reviews usually include the importance of: •communication and sharing information •clear roles and planning •overcoming the problems of hard to reach families •keeping an accurate timeline of events •good assessment of the child’s situation early recognition of children in need of protection by mainstream services such as schools or health services •partnership working with agencies that parents may be receiving services.

A public inquiry is usually held after a serious incident. Members of the public and different organisations sometimes will give evidence and also listen to oral evidence that is given by others. The findings of the inquiry are produced as a written report, given first to the government and soon after published to the public. The report usually makes recommendations to improve the management of public organisation in the future.

Laming inquiry •The creation of a children and families board chaired by a senior government minister to coordinate policies and initiatives that have a bearing on the wellbeing of children and families. •A national agency for children and families, led by a children’s commissioner, should be established to ensure local services meet national standards for child protection and implement reforms. • Committees for children and families should be established by councils, with members drawn from social services, education, housing, the NHS and the police. New local management boards – chaired by council chief executives with members from the police, health, social services, education, housing and the probation service – should be set up. The boards would appoint a local director of children and family services to monitor effective interagency working on child welfare and protection. •The creation of a national children’s database that keeps a record of every contact a child has with a member of staff from the police, health and local authorities. Unit 026 Task a Section 5

An explanation of the processes used by own work setting or service that must comply with legislation that covers data protection, information handling and sharing. In my work setting, staffs are made aware of the confidentiality policy which complies with the Data Protection Act 1998. This policy ensures that all staff working in the setting can do so with confidence, they will respect confidentiality in many ways such as, information about children will be shared with parents but only about their child. Parents should not have access to any other child’s books, marks and progress at any time, especially at parents’ evening.

However, parents should be aware that information about their child will be shared with the receiving school when they leave Ballybeen women’s centre setting. All personal information about children, including social services records is regarded as confidential. It is to be clearly understood by those who have access to it, and whether those concerned have access to all, or only some of the information. staff will not discuss individual children with people other than the parents of that child, information given by parents to staff members will not be passed on to third parties, unless they have been granted to do so with parental consent.

Should there be a child protection matter concerning the parent then the Data Protection Act allows an allegation without consent, for example to apprehend or prosecute an offender, to detect or prevent a crime. Personal issues will remain confidential to the people involved. Any anxieties and evidence relating to a child’s personal safety will be kept in a confidential file which is locked away in a filing cabinet and will not be shared within the setting except for the child’s key worker and Manager. All information regarding the children in my setting is kept in a locked fireproof filing cabinet.