Public service is a public trust, requiring employees to place loyalty to the Constitution, the laws and ethical principles above private gain. 2. Em



Topics to be covered:

· Codes of Ethics and Codes of Conduct

· Principles of Ethics

· ASPA Code of Ethics

· Ethics Training

· Ethics Audits, Hotlines, Ombudsmen, and Ethics Boards

· More Methods to Encourage Ethical Behavior

Lesson 2 explained that public administrators are subject to legal requirements intended to promote the practice of ethical behavior. In addition, professional associations, such as the American Society for Public Administration (ASPA), have formal codes of ethics intended to provide guidance to public administrators for how to behave ethically. To supplement these directives, government organizations and agencies also have codes of ethics, as well as codes of conduct, to help public administrators understand the behavior expected of them as they strive to be ethical.

This lesson will take a closer look at codes of ethics, codes of conduct, training, and ethics audits, providing additional information about how they can be used as tools to encourage public administrators to behave ethically. In addition, this lesson will introduce ethics hotlines and ombudsmen, which are additional tools that can help government organizations and agencies ensure that public administrators are as ethical as possible.

Codes of Ethics and Codes of Conduct

Ethics codes come in a variety of forms and titles. You may have heard of similar concepts called principles, codes of conduct, standards, tenets, rules, canons, regulations, etc. They can be aspirational or provide a very bright line definition.


Code of ethics refers to a written document that outlines an organization’s mission and values, explaining the ethical principles that the organization promotes based on its mission and values. It also details the standards of professional behavior that employees are expected to maintain, including how they should approach problems.