Revitalization of Kajang Town

Table of Content Content 1. 0 Introduction 2. 0 Design Concept 3. 0 Public Realm 1. 0 Introduction 1. 1 Design brief Kajang was first established in 1807 and developed into a modern township as it enjoys the rapidly increasing rubber estate business at the turn of the 20th century. Today, Kajang is a sub-urban township of Klang Valley and have been linked with modern highways and complete network of transportations. Situated in the southern part of Selangor state of Hulu Langat district, it is inhabited by more than 230,000,000 residents of various races and religion.

The process of revitalizing deteriorate sections of the city is often done through demolition and new construction. Although urban renewal programs may be privately funded, it is most often associated with government renewal programs. For example, most large cities have experienced some urban renewal in the last 20 years. The typical program attempts to demolish concentrations of dilapidated housing and often attract developers of middle-income or mixed housing. Often, however, urban renewal areas become sites for new public buildings such as civic auditoriums, sport arenas and universities.

The improvement of slum, deteriorated and underutilized areas of the city; generally implies improvement realized through city, state and particularly federal programs, including the clearance and redevelopment of slums (overcrowded area of a city in which the housing is typically in a bad condition), the rehabilitation of relatively sound structures, and conservation measures to arrest the spread of deterioration. The old town of Kajang is in such condition. The old buildings are dilapidated and are still standing in need of attention. 2. 0 Design Concept 2. 1 Overall *Masterplan *Design Concept: Garden City . 1. 1 Garden City Overview Howard in his concept, attempted to locate overcrowded centers to be more neat and organize, with the optimum size of 58,000 people per town. The concept is also about bringing the residential and urban area close to the nature, which is circled by agriculture belt, controlled by public authority. {draw:frame} {draw:frame} The city centre must contain commercial development, club building and also cultural places. The idea lead to the new garden city development at that time, the Letchworth (Parker & Unwin) and the second garden city Welwyn, New York.

Radial Diagram of Garden City Concept Welwyn Garden City, General town plan drawn by Louis de Soissons. The railway is north-south axis as its integral to the whole plan {draw:frame} Ebenezer Howard, The Three Magnets. 2. 1. 2 Kajang Garden City Concept For the new revitalization of Kajang town, the attempt is to implement the Garden City characteristic and concept with a few changes and alteration for improvement to suit the current development and location. The main ring road will solve the congestion problem that occurring in Kajang town as a transition town.

From the main ring road, the secondary and local road will be distributed. Hierarchy of open spaces is well thought to cater the green area, public realm and also buffer zone. Open spaces are relocated and refurbish to obtain the optimum ratio between open spaces and developed area. A nice figure ground will derived from this approach. {draw:frame} After all consideration have been made, a revitalized Kajang that has good mix of development use, basic health, education, accommodation, commercial and service needs, good flow of vehicular circulation and pedestrian friendly. draw:frame} *2. 2* Site Concept : TRANSITION Bird’s eye view of transportation hub Connecting these city and towns has developed Kajang along the timeline, evolving into transitional town. Kajang has been an alternative route for people to escape from toll charges. The problem create another problem which is congesting the vehicular flow within Kajang town. So, after the Garden City concept applying the main ring road system, the problem will be taken care off, and to further help sustain the situation, a well functioning transportation hub is needed.

Local people of Kajang mostly work outside Kajang, at place such as Kuala Lumpur, and Putrajaya. They happen to only available during the night as they working at day time. So, to help them to be a part of Kajang town, enliven Kajang town to a certain vibrant degree. {draw:frame} It will at the same time help the congestion problem and global oil price issue as well as improving towards a more green and sustainable city. {draw:frame} The site located at the south gate of Kajang town (revitalized version of Kajang Masterplan) and using the main ring road and KTM railway as mean of connection.

The site is suitable to develop into transportation hub because of the location potential and the opportunity that will ease doan the vehicular movement inside Kajang town. Axonometric with label *3. 0* Public Realm 3. 1 Concept : Segregate yet Connected * {draw:frame} 3. 2* Core Element of Public Realm A linear shaped park with hardscape and water feature to segregate the building function. Creating a break yet connecting 3 part of the hub, which is the main office, the commercial and leisure block, and the promenade area. A potential robust space.

The building facade designed to be transparent and exposing the internal activities to create a visual richness towards the park as well as potential ‘natural surveillance’ to the vista park. Same glass wall facade to encourage natural surveillance and enliven the open space by providing visual richness. The transparent character will give good impression and idea of what the building content, so people can differentiate between the commercial and the administrative office block. {draw:frame} {draw:frame} Located at the end of the linear park as a vista element.

An open space is provided here to loosen up between the built up area and the water body development. The promenade also support the food court as a extension space that can be use. 3. 3 Urban Qualities 3. 3. 1 Vitality – Vibrant, safe, comfortable and active a lot of windows and doors connecting to the park create an active surrounding to the public realm because a lot of movement occurred. -creating a safer public realm with buildings, (administrative office block & commercial and Leisure block) overlooking the park. -activities on both building encourage a lively public realm with people using the building at all time. 3. 3. Variety and Diversity – A mix activities, function and users -variety successfully implemented by mixing 3 type of building function which are office, commercial and food court. -creating a potential mix users with different activities and schedule so the public realm will never ‘empty’ with people at any time around the clock. -more users, mean more safety with ‘eyes on the streets’ -will also increase viability of urban facilities and support for small business (such as corner shops) -successful mix will encourage the interaction between users. 3. 3. 3 Robustness – Quality of adapting for different uses and change accordingly.

Important to outdoors and indoors, but different implication. -The linear park is a great space of robustness as it is surrounded by building that will provide shading and also wind tunnel effect for breeze, and it can change it uses as needed. -the promenade deck also tend to be robust as the building along side can extend their activities into the luxurious open spaces provided by the promenade area. -an importantly part is, both of these open space support pedestrian activities greatly. 3. 3. 4 Character – an aspect that respond towards development, landscape and culture So, what is so special about this place?

That’s the question which comes to mind when we talk about this aspect, character. -the linear park has its own character as it responds to the building’s beside it and supporting them either physically or visually. The shopping and working ‘culture’ help promote this park to have it’s own identity. An identity as a transition park that have a spectacular vista towards promenade. The promenade on the other hand create its own character as it support food and dine culture as well as providing space for great viewing experience for the end users. *3. . 5 Continuity and Enclosure – promote continuity of street frontage and the enclosure of space, *which clearly define private and public area. -the continuity is still there even there’s break between buildings as the street pavement is continuously connected creating a ring around the building perimeter. the design focus on the enclosure by separating public , semi public, and private spaces. The built up area enclose creating a define linear park between building which act as public space separating two private and semi private public building ctivities/function. 3. 3. 6 Quality of Public Realm – an attractive, safe workable *efficiency* for all society. a full package of urban quality warp in one package within this public realm as it arrage it paving, planting, lighting, orientation, signage, street furniture. The way it overlooked, and the uses in and next to it, brilliantly. -the design is so conveniently for all type of users. 4. 0 Conclusion A lot of urban qualities are well applied to the design to help the public realm to sustain and continue to expand for future needs.

The realm as good as it understand the need of multiple type of users and benefit them, in a way making it a potential vibrant public realm that will always be use from time to time by multiple users. The public realm will also support surrounding context by its lively and vibrant character, and giving benefit to them as the continuous flow of pedestrian activities and vehicular movement The scheme of public realm greatly responds to the environment and nature as it is in a Garden City concept which strongly emphasize circulation and sustainability.