Parental Support in the Education of Children with Visual Impairment. Background to the study It is an undesirable fact that for every individual to be successful in life he or she needs education. Education is a right for all children being able or disable, Education is about people being able to learn what they need or want throughout their life based on their potentials. These include learning to know, to do, to live together, and to be self-dependent.
Parents are the number one tool that will make access to education achievable by all means. All parents have the responsibility to provide basic, psychological, social, as well emotional needs to their wards in education. The support of parent in children’s education is seen as a vital tool in providing services for their children. Parent who have children with visual impairment, are faced by challenges in educating them and have additional care giving responsibilities and spend substantial time and effort arranging everyday care for their children.
In addition, disability is a life-long condition where the needs of children might extend beyond childhood into adulthood, which will lead majority of hildren with visual impairment to continuously live with their families longer than their peers without disabilities (Freedman ; Boyer, 2000). In Ghana and throughout the world successful education of children with special needs particularly children with visual impairment depends solely on their parental support in their education, in Ghana, the 1992 Constitution lays emphasis on the Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education( FCUBE) for all children including those with disabilities.
Parent need to devote a good deal of time in taking care of their children with visual impairment n educational matters. According to the Salamanca Statement and Framework of Action (1994), every child must have access to education. There is no doubt that education is the key to success and development. It is the responsibility of parent to support in the education of children with visual impairment. Statement of the problem. Education plays a very crucial role in the development of a child whether able or disable. However: It seems some parents do not value the education of their children with visual impairment.
It also appear that parent have wrong perceptions about ducating children with visual impairment. It appears some parents have fall to support in the education of children with visual impairment. It seems some parents find it difficult to provide for the educational materials and necessary resources for their children with visual impairment. Objectives of the study. The objectives of this study will be to: To examine what challenges parents undergo in educating their children with visual with visual impairment. To explore what influence parental support in educating their children with visual impairment.
To find out Strategies to increase parental participation in the education of their children with visual impairment. Research Question The following questions will guide this study: 1 . What challenges do parent face in supporting their children with visual impairment? 2. To what extent are parent prepared towards the education of children with visual impairment? 3. What influence parental support for children with visual impairment in education? 4. What strategies can be adapted to increase parental participation in the education of children with visual impairment? Literature review.
The literature to be reviewed for this study will cover the following strands. Challenges faced by parent in the educating children with visual impairment. Parent preparedness towards education of their children with visual impairment. Influence of parental support in educating children with visual impairment. Strategies for increasing parental participation in the education of their children with visual impairment. Significance of the study The results of the study will help identify factors influencing parental support in the ducation of children with visual impairment .
This will enable the government to make provisions for children with visual impairment . lt will also enable the government to provide the necessary resources for the education of children with visual impairment . ln addition, it will identify the challenges parent undergo in educating children with visual impairment and how they are able to cope with these challenges. This enable counseling to be provided to enable parent to know the essence of educating children with visual impairment..